PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR RESUME
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR RESUME
Paul R. Miller, P.G.
SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE
Prior to founding Geological Services, Incorporated, Mr. Miller held lead technical and managerial positions with the environmental consulting firms GeoServices, Ltd. and R.E. Wright Associates, Inc. (now SAIC). He holds dual bachelors degrees in Geology and Geography from the University of Maine, and a Masters Degree in Geology (specializing in regional surficial processes) from the University of Oregon. Mr. Miller has authored numerous research and technical publications, including geological maps of a 300 square mile area in the Cascade Mountain Range of Oregon. Using numerical and statistical methods to build upon his academic specialization in regional sedimentology, stratigraphy, and soil science, Mr. Miller has expanded his expertise in surficial processes to include regional and local assessment of ground water flow systems, and contaminant fate and transport evaluation. During the last fourteen years, Mr. Miller has served as the principal investigator on dozens of projects involving water resource management and contaminated site remediation in the eastern and Midwestern United States
Graduate Studies in Geophysics - University of Wisconsin, Ph.D. Program, Madison, Wisconsin; 1985. Honors: Graduate Teaching Fellowship
M.Sc. Geology - University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon; 1984. Honors: Graduate Teaching/Research Fellowships, Geological Society of America Research Grant (National Competition); Sigma Xi Research Grant (National Competition); Oregon State Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Research Grant
B.A. Geology - University of Maine, Portland, Maine; Honors: Summa Cum Laude, 1981.; Louis B. Woodward Award (Outstanding Science Major); Phi Kappa Phi National Honor Society
B.A. Geography/Anthropology - University of Maine, Portland, Maine, Honors: Summa Cum Laude, 1981.
Recent Honors and Awards
Ground Water System of the Year - 2001; Shrewsbury Borough Well Head Protection Plan; Pennsylvania Rural Water Association
2001 Planning Award; Shrewsbury Borough Well Head Protection Plan; York County Planning Commission; York, Pennsylvania
2004 Water Resource Management; Shrewsbury Municipal Water Company - Outstanding Leadership in Water Resource Management; US EPA Region 3, Washington, D.C.
Professional Societies/Local Government
Chairman, Newberry Township (Pennsylvania) Planning Commission (1995-1998)
Association of Ground Water Scientists & Engineers
National Water Well Association
Pennsylvania Aggregates and Concrete Association
Licensed Professional Geologist, Pennsylvania and Florida
Areas of Specialization
Numerical ground water flow/contaminant fate and transport modeling
Statistical and geostatistical analysis of chemical and hydrogeochemical data
Development of regional ground water management programs
Aquifer characterization and safe yield evaluation
Hydrogeological impact studies
Contaminated industrial site remediation
Environmental Site Assessment
Underground Storage Tank Closure
Ground water resource exploration and development
I. Regional Aquifer Management/Wellhead Protection
Programs for the long-term management of regional water resources are typically based on detailed analysis of regional hydrologic conditions and the construction of basin-wide numerical ground water flow models. A common element in each project described below is the development of regional and subregional ground water management strategies leading to assurance of continued safe and economical water resource availability for many decades into the future. In most cases, establishment of one or more well head protection areas were delineated on the basis of quantitatively estimated ground water flow travel times as a natural outgrowth of the resource management plan. In several of the projects described below, state grant applications were prepared to defray the costs of applied well head protection program development. Other projects have incorporated design of aquifer recharge augmentation programs using spreading basins or multiple large diameter reinjection wells, development of a water resource conservation programs, and the modification of seasonal well field production strategies to assure dependable long term water supplies.
Wellhead protection studies have involved development of a comprehensive water resource management plan beginning with WHP zone delineation and extending through contaminant source inventory, emergency spill response plan development, and preparation of a draft final WHPP ordinance. Applicable results of each phase of the study are be presented in a Geographic Information System (GIS) format, to include WHP zone delineations, basin geology and physiography, geologic structural analysis, potential contaminant sources, land uses, and other pertinent mappable data as warranted.
(a) Shrewsbury Borough, York County, PA - Delineation and numerical ground water flow and contaminant fate and transport modeling of six separate sub-basins underlain by fractured metamorphic rocks. Included WHP zone delineations at municipal wells and springs, preparation of ground water protection overlay ordinance, emergency spill response planning, development of educational outreach program, interface with local government, businesses, and citizens groups. Work completed under PA DEP Growing Greener Wellhead Protection Grant and in cooperation with Pennsylvania Rural Water Association
(b) Ulysses Borough, Potter County, PA- Delineation and numerical ground water flow and contaminant fate and transport modeling of three separate wells and a covered spring water collection system located in the Glaciated High Plateau Section of the Appalachian Plateau Physiographic Province. Included WHP zone delineations at municipal wells and springs, emergency spill response planning, development of educational outreach program, interface with local government, businesses, and citizens groups. Work completed under PA DEP Growing Greener Wellhead Protection Grant and in cooperation with Pennsylvania Rural Water Association
(c) Section A Municipal Water Authority, Adams County, PA- Delineation and numerical ground water flow and contaminant fate and transport modeling of two separate wells operated on an alternating monthly schedule. Included WHP zone delineations, emergency spill response planning, development of educational outreach program, interface with local government, businesses, and citizens groups. Work completed under PA DEP Growing Greener Wellhead Protection Grant and in cooperation with Pennsylvania Rural Water Association
(d) Covington, Karthaus, Girard Area Authority, Clearfield County, PA - Delineation and numerical ground water flow and contaminant fate and transport modeling of two approximately 400 foot deep wells each permitted to produce 285 gallons per minute, and completed in the Burgoon Sandstone. Included WHP zone delineations, emergency spill response planning, development of educational outreach program, interface with local government, businesses, and citizens groups. Work completed under PA DEP Growing Greener Wellhead Protection Grant and in cooperation with Pennsylvania Rural Water Association
(e) Elizabethtown Borough, Lancaster County, PA - Basinwide evaluation of ground water resources in fractured bedrock terrain using finite difference numerical model; estimation of sub-basinal safe yield, integration of surface and ground water monitoring data, estimation of remaining ground water resource development potential; delineation and establishment of wellhead protection areas for each of four active municipal wells, application for and implementation of State Wellhead Protection Grant support for implementation of WHP program.
(f) Middletown Borough, Dauphin County, PA - Basinwide evaluation of ground water resources in fractured bedrock terrain using finite difference numerical model; estimation of subasinal safe yield, estimation of remaining ground water resource development potential; delineation and establishment of wellhead protection areas for each of six active municipal wells, application for and implementation of State Wellhead Protection Grant support for implementation of WHP program.
(g) WCRWSA West/Central Florida- Development of regional wellfield rehydration program work scope for mitigation of regional environmental impacts associated with high volume ground water production. Project involved development of 20 million dollar/ten year program involving five 10-30 million gallon per day wellfields operated by a regional water supply authority. Plan included aquifer testing, geological evaluation using invasive and non-invasive techniques, evaluation of alternatives for recharge augmentation using tertiary treated wastewater, surface water reclamation, and the completion of site specific feasibility/risk assessment studies at each location. Also involved preparation of State and Federal Grants for cooperative project funding.
(h) WCRWSA Hillsborough County, Florida - Development and management of work scope for rehydration program for mitigation of production-related impacts at urban wellfield. Project involved management of US EPA cooperative funding grant, development and execution of technical work scope involving aquifer testing, tracer/isotope studies, risk assessment, and numerical modeling of potential impacts of recharge system to production well water quality.
(i) NJ DEP, East Hanover Township - Finite difference numerical modeling of ground water flow system and contaminant transport dynamics, assessment of potential for ground water contamination at pumping municipal well, assessment of alternate water sources and regional and local hydrogeologic site characterization.
(j) NJ DEP, Atlantic County, NJ - Water resource evaluation of unconfined Kirkwood-Cohansey and confined 800 foot sand member of the Kirkwood Formation. Study involved dependable yield evaluation of each of the two aquifers and development of ground water resource management strategy. Also included feasibility study of aquifer recharge augmentation by means of injection using finite difference numerical modeling.
(k) NJ DEP, Eastern Raritan Basin, NJ - Evaluation of potentially available ground water resources and regional ground water quality throughout a six county area in Northern New Jersey. Study involved assessment of salt water intrusion, industrial and agricultural ground water contamination, and determination of formation specific recharge values in study area.
(l) Client Confidential, Derry Township, PA - Detailed evaluation of regional karst ground water flow system involving statistical analysis of climatic, demographic, and hydrological data; design and construction of regional automated hydrologic monitoring network; numerical modeling of ground water flow system; development of comprehensive water resources master plan.
II. Water Resource Exploration and Development
Water resource exploration projects are typically founded upon the development of a hydrologic budget for the subject basin under both normal and drought year hydrologic conditions. Once a budget has been estimated for the basin, minimum basin safe yield is calculated in order to provide an assessment of the ground water production potential of the site prior to any actual exploration. If sufficient resources are identified within the basin, exploratory drilling sites are selected using aerial and/or satellite photography. In some cases, photographs are computer enhanced to highlight tonal and spectral signatures of promising exploration sites. Carefully logged exploration wells are then drilled at areas of convergent lineaments (fractures and similar features). During drilling, particular attention is paid to the location and magnitude of water bearing zones to help assure that wells are not drilled deeper than necessary or completed before adequate resources are reached. On completion, selected exploration wells of suitable yield are developed into finished production wells, well testing is performed in compliance with permitting requirements, and a permit application is prepared and brought through the regulatory process.
(a) Shrewsbury Commons LLC, Shrewsbury PA - Exploration and development of two municipal wells to replace existing spring collection system. Involved siting and construction of exploratory and production wells, aquifer testing, and permit preparation
(b) Middletown Borough Authority, Middletown, PA - Hydraulic characterization of existing municipal wells, assessment of municipal water system requirements, hydrogeologic evaluation of municipal well field.
(c) Elizabethtown Borough, Rehabilitation of Municipal Wells #1 and #4 - Comprehensive rehabilitation of an existing municipal well involving acid treatment, chlorination, geophysical logging, evaluation of geophysical logging results, evaluation of well efficiency by means of pumping test analysis, and assessment of site hydrologic budget.
(d) Allensville Borough, Allensville Municipal Water Supply System - Evaluation of municipal water supply system by direct inspection of pumping and transmission system, evaluation of regional hydrologic budget, and development of municipal water supply alternatives. Also included preparation of specific recommendations for system modifications to meet state water supply system requirements.
(e) Pennsylvania State University, Stone Valley Recreational Area - Evaluation of site water supply including evaluation of production and transmission system, development of specific recommendations for production monitoring instrumentation, design an implementation of pumping tests, and definition of wellhead protection areas. Also included evaluation of potential impacts of sewage system construction on ground water quality by means of chemical mass loading calculations.
(f) Elizabethtown Borough, Elizabethtown, PA - Hydrogeologic evaluation of municipal well field emphasizing long-term sustainable yield, ground water resource management strategy.
(g) Jack Frost/Blue Ridge Real Estate Company - Development of work scope for extensive hydrologic/hydrogeologic evaluation of site, including water resource development and management.
(h) Glen Rock Borough, Glen Rock, PA - Evaluation of municipal water supplies by means of pumping test and spring flow analyses, development of preliminary wellhead protection strategy.
(i) Adamstown Borough, Adamstown, PA - Evaluation of available water supplies, and development of preliminary wellhead protection program.
(j) WCRWSA Brandon Urban Wellfield - Development of work scope for a 12 million gallon per day well field in an urbanized area of West/Central Florida. Project involved siting of high capacity production wells using GIS technology to minimize potential adverse impacts including sinkhole formation, wetland dehydration, and diminution of available yield at existing wells.
(k) WCRWSA Cone Ranch Well Field - Development of work scope for construction of 12 mgd well field in rural Florida. Project involved aquifer testing, well siting, estimation of safe yield, wellfield design, and public interfacing.
(l) Hanover Foods Corporation, Hanover, PA - Exploration and development of an on-site source of non-contact cooling water for plant use. Involved siting and construction of five exploratory and production wells, aquifer testing, permit preparation, and design of comprehensive wellfield management plan.
(m) Murray Associates, Conewago Industrial Park - Evaluation of commercial water supply involving development of a site hydrologic budget, design of wellhead instrumentation system for production monitoring, design and evaluation of well performance by means of pumping test evaluation, siting of additional wells and development of wellhead protection criteria.
III. Hydrogeologic Impact Assessments
Hydrogeological impact assessments have been conducted in support of proposed construction projects where potential impacts to local and/or regional ground water supplies are at issue. Potential impacts in most cases were assessed using either analytical numerical ground water models to provide a prediction of ground water levels under various pumping and/or injection scenarios. In some cases, systems were also designed to minimize the effects of ground water pumping using artificial recharge galleries or injection wells. Project results in one case were presented to federal and state congressional offices, and the West Virginia Supreme Court.
a) F.O. Day Company, Martinsburg, West VA - Geologic evaluation and permit preparation for limestone quarry. Included pumping test design and implementation, detailed geologic and structural evaluation, and development of preliminary dewatering system design. Also included installation of monitoring wells, construction of numerical ground water flow model for prediction of potential quarry impacts and design of optimal dewatering system active during quarry operations. Also included active participation and client representation at public meetings associated with the permitting process.
(b) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mt. St. Helens, WA - Construction of numerous ground water monitoring wells in basaltic rocks of Cascade Range. Also included core logging and
hydrogeological evaluation, detailed and regional geologic and structural mapping during sediment retention structure site evaluation program, Toutle River, Washington.
(c) Borough of Carlisle, Carlisle, PA - Detailed evaluation of sinkhole development potential due to dry well storm water disposal in a residential area of the Borough. Study involved analysis and evaluation of published and unpublished geologic information, aerial photography, and data from air track drilling program.
(d) F. O. Day Company, Frederick, MD - Hydrogeologic evaluation of proposed quarry focusing upon environmental impact of quarrying operations, preliminary design of dewatering system and evaluation of hydrogeologic budget for site and surrounding areas.
(e) Eagle Lake Development Corporation, Eagle Lake, PA - Evaluation of hydrogeologic impact of additional wells for subdivision on local hydrologic system, hydrogeologic site characterization.
(f) Kenneth Young, East Berlin, PA - Evaluation of hydraulic impacts of adjacent municipal production well on private well and springs.
(g) McGooey and Hauser/Village of Warwick, PA - Review of draft environmental impact statement.
(h) Osteopathic Hospital, Harrisburg, PA - Foundation dewatering study, design and implementation of dewatering system.
(i) Elmer Powell, Martinsburg, West VA - Hydrogeologic evaluation of potential impacts of community sewage treatment effluent discharge on ground water quality. Project included detailed evaluation of regional and local hydrogeology by means of published information, air photo analysis, and field reconnaissance. The potential for subsurface migration by way of solution cavities was specifically addressed during the study.
(j) Hanover Brands, Inc., Centre Hall, PA - Evaluation of impacts of food processing sludge application on limestone terrain. Specific attention focused upon evaluation of hydrogeologic setting, design of ground water monitoring and sampling program.
(k) Keystone Protein, Fredericksburg, PA - Evaluation of hydrogeologic impact of rendering plant sludge disposal on plant property. Included detailed geologic and hydrogeologic evaluation of the site, evaluation of site soils and evaluation of potential impact on ground water quality by means of chemical mass balance calculations.
(l) Oldfield Partnership, Mechanicsburg, PA - Hydrogeologic and geologic evaluation of potential impacts of proposed 145 unit townhouse development on adjacent municipal well water quality and production capability. Included construction of numerical ground water flow model for simulation and prediction of potential impacts under various pumping/construction scenarios, analysis of municipal well pumping test, review of proposed reconnaissance scale wellhead protection program, evaluation of site detailed geologic and structural characteristics, and review of proposed storm water management plan. Also included active participation and client representation at public meetings associated with the subdivision plan approval process, and preparation of specific recommendations for modification of the existing wellhead protection program using numerical modeling results.
IV. Superfund Project Management/Oversight
Superfund project management and oversight services have been provided for a number of clients ranging from law firms representing groups of Principal Responsible Parties (PRP Groups) to individual companies named in the enforcement action. To date, services have been provided at seven separate Superfund sites in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Services have included numerical ground water flow and contaminant transport modeling, aquifer analyses, collection and statistical analyses of ground water monitoring data, delineation and surveillance of contaminant plume geometry, and assessment of site soil chemistry. Numerical models so created were used to evaluate ground water recovery system efficiency in response to the EPA RI/FS remedy selection process, to assess the potential contribution of client sites to the subject contamination, and to prepare response documents relative to either potential Superfund ranking or delisting.
(a) Electronics Manufacturer, Southern York County, PA - Ground water monitoring, delineation and surveillance of contaminant plume geometry, statistical evaluation of contaminant level variations, site hydrogeology. Included numerical modeling of solute transport and site-wide contamination levels, and collection and analysis of recovery well pumping test data. Also included analysis of ground water recovery system efficiency and preparation of response document to potential Superfund ranking.
(b) Archer and Greiner, P.C., Pomona Oaks, NJ - Review of hydrogeological and hydrochemical data base regarding identification of potential responsible party named in Superfund enforcement action. Project involved modeling of contaminant transport dynamics to quantitatively define migration pathways and to demonstrate actual responsible parties. Study led to identification of actual contaminant source and release of client from cleanup liability.
(c) Kirkpatrick and Lockhart, P.C., Adams County, PA - Review of hydrogeological and hydrochemical data base regarding impacts of inorganic chemicals on surface and ground water surrounding landfill in south-central PA. Development of comprehensive geochemical evaluation involving isolation of leachate particulate phase, scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive mineralogical analyses followed by design and execution of bench scale sorption testing. Statistical and geostatistical evaluations were employed to demonstrate absence of impacts on off-site ground water in defense of corporation named as responsible party in CERCLA action. Additionally, data were used in conjunction with finite difference numerical modeling to evaluate site RI/FS prepared by EPA Contractor.
(d) Keefer, Wood, Allen and Rahal, P.C., Middletown, PA - Review of documents generated during CERCLA enforcement action as related to client named as a potential responsible party. Purpose of project was to offer professional opinion to counsel regarding client contribution to environmental contamination at site.
(e) Electronics Manufacturer, Glen Rock, PA - Assessment of ground water remediation system operational efficiency using finite difference ground water flow model in conjunction with detailed statistical and geostatistical analysis of ground water quality database.
(f) Elizabethtown Borough, Lancaster County, PA - Hydrogeological evaluation of proposed remediation alternative potentially affecting Borough interests, review of aquifer test results, evaluation of potential environmental impacts.
(g) Electronics Manufacturer, Lancaster County, PA - Review of RI/FS work plan for Industrial Client named as PRP in Superfund action. Review consisted of work plan evaluation, preparation of specific written comments. Also provided technical consultation and review services during RI/FS implementation.
V. Contaminated Site Investigations/Remediation
Contaminated site investigations have been conducted at dozens of commercial and industrial sites contaminated by synthetic organic chemicals, petroleum fuels and other hazardous or toxic wastes. Most projects have gone from discovery and definition phases at the beginning of the project, through work scope design and regulatory agency negotiation, and finally to contaminant recovery system installation, operation, and performance monitoring. Depending on specific site conditions, investigation phases have included geophysical investigations, soil vapor surveys, monitoring well construction, soil and ground water sampling and aquifer testing. Where possible, numerical ground water flow and transport models were used to assess the relative efficiencies of various remedial designs. Here, simulation of contaminant behavior under various pumping and/or injection scenarios was used to optimize final remedial system design in terms of the number and types of wells, their vertical and horizontal placement, and their rate of operation.
(a) Archer and Greiner, P.C., Ocean County, NJ - Statistical analysis of ground water quality data, evaluation of site aerial photography, evaluation of both site and regional ground water flow system on behalf of client named as PRP in State Spill Fund action. Results of evaluation were used to conclusively demonstrate true location of contaminant source areas well beyond clients property limits.
(b) Rawle and Henderson, P.C., Camden, NJ - Evaluation of site soil chemistry during litigation. Project included geochemical analyses of site soils, review of aerial photography, and evaluation of base/neutral compound migration potential.
(c) Electronics Manufacturer, Dauphin County, PA - Development of work plan for remediation of pesticide contaminated soils, oversight of cleanup activities by responsible party.
(d) Electronics Manufacturer, Glen Rock, PA - Evaluation of alternative water supply system options for impacted off-site area.
(e) Electronics Manufacturer, Glen Rock, PA - Contaminated ground water remedial system maintenance and performance monitoring.
(f) Electronics Manufacturer, York County, PA - Investigation of hydrogeological conditions affecting contaminant migration, delineation of contaminant plume geometry, identification of source areas, development of site ground water remediation program, and statistical analyses of hydrologic data.
(g) Electronics Manufacturer, Northern Dauphin County, PA - Investigation of hydro-geological conditions affecting contaminant migration, delineation of plume geometry, identification of contaminant source areas. Investigation included evaluation of terrain conductivity and seismic refraction data, color infrared aerial photographs, and regional and local fracture analyses. Included supervision of contaminated soil excavation, siting and construction of ground water recovery and monitoring wells and design of hydro-carbon recovery system. Also included design and implementation of combined ground water recovery/vacuum extraction system, and evaluation of remedial system efficiency via analyses of pumping test and ground water monitoring data. Additionally, contaminant transport velocities were evaluated using numerical solute transport modeling.
(h) Electronics Manufacturer, Elizabethtown, Lancaster County, PA - Surveillance of ground water contaminant levels and variations in plume geometry, site remediation, supervision of underground storage tank (UST) removal, construction of ground water monitoring wells, and numerical modeling of solute transport dynamics.
(i) Electronics Manufacturer, Southern York County, PA - Hydrogeologic site evaluation for contaminant recovery program. Assessment of hydrogeologic impact of ground water recovery system on neighboring wells and study of remedial system efficiency. Also included finite difference numerical modeling of ground water flow and contaminant transport system to evaluate potential of contamination from off-site sources and for remedial system design optimization.
(j) Electronics Manufacturer, Southern York County, PA - Predictive numerical transport modeling for remedial system design, operation and alternate water source feasibility analysis, design of soil and ground water remediation system.
(k) New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, (NJ DEP) Deerfield Township, NJ - Numerical modeling of contaminant plume geometry emphasizing delineation of plume limits, hydrogeologic site characterization, and assessment of alternate water sources.
(l) NJ DEP, Lakehurst Borough, NJ - Alternate water source assessment, technical and financial evaluation of aquifer remediation strategies, for municipal ground water supply impacted by gasoline contamination.
(m) Military Vehicle Manufacturer, Marysville, OH - Remedial investigation and system design for environmental restoration of 100 acre industrial site in Central Ohio. Project involved comprehensive site hydrogeologic evaluation, delineation of extensive soil contamination and negotiation of acceptable regulatory agency response.
(n) Military Vehicle Manufacturer, Wooster, OH - Remedial investigation and system design for environmental restoration of contaminated industrial site. Project involvement included review of existing data base, design of ground water sampling and site assessment program, determination of available remediation strategies, and conceptual remedial system design.
(o) Archer and Greiner, P.C., Lakehurst, NJ - Review of data concerning origin and extent of contaminant distribution in site soils and development of expert testimony during legal proceedings.
(p) Electronics Manufacturer, Carlisle, PA - Fracture trace analysis, determination of potential regional contaminant transport routes using contaminant transport modeling.
(q) Computer Manufacturer, Eastern Minnesota - Evaluation of site remediation alternatives, design of ground water contaminant recovery and treatment system. Statistical and hydrogeologic evaluation of site hydrologic and chemical data.
(r) Electronics Manufacturer, Strasburg, PA - Conceptual evaluation of pumping test data including recognition of hydrogeologic boundary conditions, and an evaluation of both unsaturated and saturated zone contaminant transport dynamics.
(s) Archer and Greiner, P.C., Succasunna, NJ - Review of data concerning contaminant distribution in two sites adjacent to client property in which soil and ground water contamination had been detected. Performance of a comprehensive risk assessment by means of contaminant transport modeling, and review and evaluation of off-site remedial system efficiency relative to environmental restoration of client property.
(t) Foods Manufacturer, Hershey, PA - Evaluation and location of contaminant source area by way of detailed investigation of site aquifer. Following identification of source area andidentification of contaminant release mechanism, project culminated in completion of feasibility study and design of comprehensive remediation system for restoration of site conditions.
(u) Electronics Manufacturer, Camp Hill, PA - Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study pursuant to recognition of 30-year old TCE contamination of limestone aquifer. Project work included completion of geophysical survey, detailed aquifer testing, design and construction of ground and surface water monitoring network, design of optimized remediation system for restoration of site conditions.
(v) Foods Manufacturer, Hanover, PA - Detailed evaluation of soil and ground water quality following release of fuels from leaking underground storage tanks and from surface disposal of solid wastes. Project involved development of ground water sampling network, remedial system design and construction.
(w) Foods Manufacturer, Hazelton, PA - Evaluation of site ground water quality following release of fuels from leaking underground storage tanks and from surface disposal of solid wastes. Project design and implementation of ground water sampling program, also involved development of remediation system for restoration of site ground water quality by way of contaminant plume containment.
(x) Land Development Company, Etters, PA - Assessment of environmental conditions at an active automobile junk yard pursuant to Pennsylvania Act 2 Industrial Site Reclamation. Investigation included collection and analyses of soil and ground water samples for volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds, PCB/Pesticides, and petroleum hydrocarbons. Also included development of work plan for site remediation, and coordination of site activities with PA DEP staff.
(y) Machine Shop, York, PA - Assessment of environmental conditions associated with petroleum hydrocarbon and PCE contamination at a 30 year old machine shop site. Investigation included collection and analyses of soil samples for volatile organic and petroleum hydrocarbons compounds, preparation of detailed site characterization, and development of remedial alternatives for site restoration. Also included coordination of site activities with PA DEP staff pursuant to Pennsylvania Act 2 liability release.
VI. Underground Storage Tank Assessment/Removal
Underground storage tank assessment and removal projects have been conducted in strict accordance with state and federal regulations regarding tank closure requirements. As such, most projects involving tank closure involve similar elements, and each project is not described individually below. Project elements may include the supervision of contaminated soil excavation, siting and construction of ground water monitoring wells and UST removal, design of in-situ contaminated soil treatment system, pumping test data analysis and site hydrogeologic characterization and development of final remedial alternative. Completed projects include the following:
Electronics Manufacturer, Central York County, PA
Tower Sales, Inc., Enola, Millersburg, Valley View, PA
Hanover Foods Corporation, Lancaster PA
Myers Foods Corporation, Plumsteadville, PA
Hershey Foods Corporation, Hershey, PA
Y&S Candies, Inc., Lancaster, PA
Cedar Cliff Exxon, Highland Park, PA
Lower Allen Township Municipal Authority, Camp Hill, PA
Hess Manufacturing Company, Quincy, PA
VII. Environmental Site Assessments; Preacquisition/Divestiture Surveys
Environmental site assessments have also been conducted in accordance with industry standards so that most projects bear a similar scope of work. Typical project elements include hydrogeological site evaluation and environmental audit, surveillance of site-wide contaminant levels, construction of ground water monitoring wells, review of regulatory agency files, air photo evaluation, site reconnaissance, site soil vapor survey. Typical projects include the following:
Commercial Office Building, Dauphin County, PA
Electronics Manufacturing Plant, Weyers Cave, VA
Electronics Manufacturing Plant, Harrisburg, PA
Commercial Office Building, Harrisburg, PA
Electronics Manufacturing Facility (4 acres under roof), Spartanburg, SC
Industrial Property, Kernersville, NC
Office Building/Light Industry Complex (three buildings), Valley Forge, PA
Warehouse/Electronics Manufacturing, Camp Hill, PA
Food Processing Facility Hanover Foods Corporation, Ephrata, PA
Manufacturing/Warehouse Facility Harrisburg, PA
Industrial Property, Central Dauphin County, PA
Office Complex, Dauphin Co., PA
Industrial Property, Hazelton, PA
Restaurant, York, PA
Bar/Apartment Building, Camp Hill, PA
Weapons Manufacturing Facilities, East Hempfield and Lancaster, PA
VIII. Miscellaneous Natural/Cultural Resource Investigations
Natural and cultural resource investigations include a number of diverse projects utilizing expertise in surficial processes to identify mineral or energy resources and to provide a reconstruction of ancient environments during interdisciplinary investigations. These projects have involved detailed examination of soil and bedrock stratigraphy, and in some cases, examination of soil and bedrock materials using optical and scanning electron microscopy.
(a) State of Oregon, Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Portland, OR -Detailed geological mapping of more than 500 km2 of volcanic terrain, Central Western Cascade Range, Oregon. Study included detailed evaluation of both terrestrial and oceanic volcanic suites, supervision of shallow drilling program, air photo interpretation, and geomorphologic analysis.
(b) Sigma Xi, Hartford, CT (research grant) - Mid Tertiary Depositional environments of the Central Western Cascade Range, Oregon, included detailed stratigraphic analysis of volcanic and volcanogenic terrain in Western Oregon.
(c) Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO (research grant) - Mid Tertiary depositional environments of the Central Western Cascade Range, Oregon, included detailed stratigraphic analysis of volcanic and volcanogenic terrain in Western Oregon.
(d) Casco Bay Archaeological Survey; Southwestern ME - Geological controls on aboriginal settlement patterns (structural control of cove formation), site geochemistry, air photo interpretation, detailed structural, geologic and topographic mapping, and geomorphologic analysis.
(e) Union Oil Company, Geothermal Division, Santa Rosa, CA - Evaluation of geothermal resource potential at selected areas in Western Nevada. Included construction of dozens of ground water monitoring wells, and reconnaissance and detailed mapping of hydrogeothermal alteration products.
(f) Chiasma Consultants, South Portland, ME - Uranium distribution study in Northern New England.
(g) Marathon Oil Company, Houston, TX (research grant) - Stratigraphy and depositional environments of the Central Western Cascade Range, Oregon.
Miller, P.R., and Suhr, C.M., 1990, The Usage and Limitation of Gaussian Geostatistical Techniques in the Development of a 3-Dimensional Ground Water Flow Model, Special Session - Spring, 1990 AGU Meeting, Baltimore, MD; May 31, 1990.
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1988, Mid Tertiary Transgressive Rocky Coast Sedimentation, Central Western Cascade, Range, Oregon; Journal of Sedimentary Petrology.
Miller, P.R., 1984a, Petrology, Stratigraphy, and Paleogeography of the Central Western Cascade Range, Oregon; University MS. thesis (unpublished), 192 p.
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1983a, Mid Tertiary emergent basaltic shoal complexes, Central Western Cascades, Oregon; S.E.P.M. Ann. Mtg., Sacramento, Calif.
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1983b, Mid Tertiary Geologic History of the Oregon Western Cascades; A.G.U. Pacific N.W. Annual Meeting, Bellingham, Washington
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1983c, Depositional environments of the "Butte Creek Beds", Western Oregon; Oregon Academy Science Annual Meeting, Salem, Oregon
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1983d, Biofacies mapping in Western Oregon Tertiary Marine Rocks; Geol. Soc. America Ann. Mtg., Indianapolis, Ind.
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1984a, Geologic map of the Scotts Mills 7.5' quadrangle, Oregon; Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map GMP-32
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1984b, Geologic map of the Wilhoit 7.5' quadrangle, Oregon; Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map GMP-33
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1986a, Geologic map of the 7.5' quadrangle, Oregon; Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map GMS-50
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1986b, Geologic map of the Elk Prairie 7.5' quadrangle, Oregon; Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map GMS-51
Miller, P.R., and Orr, W.N., 1986c, The Scotts Mills and Mollala Formations: Mid Tertiary Paleogeography of the Central Western Cascades Range, Oregon; Oregon Geology V48, No. 12, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries
Linder, R.L., Orr, W.N., and Miller, P.R., 1983, Mid Tertiary Echinoids from the Oregon Western Cascades; Oregon Acad. Sci., Ann. Mtg, Salem, Oregon.
Novak, I.D., Miller, P.R., and Yesner, D.Y., 1982, Structural Control of Cove Formation, Two Examples from Maine; Glaciated Coasts Symposium, N.E. Second Annual Meeting, Geological Society of America
Orr, W.N., and Miller, P.R., 1982a, Middle Tertiary stratigraphy of the Oregon Western Cascades; Cordilleran Section Ann. Mtg., Geol. Soc. America, Anaheim, Calif.
Orr, W.N., and Miller, P.R., 1982b, Mid Tertiary Carbonates of Western Oregon; A.A.P.G., Ann. Mtg., Calgary, Alberta
Orr, W.N., and Miller, P.R., 1983a, A primitive Mysticeta from the Oregon Oligocene, Oregon Geology, V. 44, No. 4
Orr, W.N., and Miller, P.R., 1983b, The trace fossil Cylindrichnus in the Oregon Oligocene; Oregon Geology, V. 46, No. 5, p. 51-52
Orr, W.N., and Miller, P.R., 1984, Geologic map of the Stayton N.E. 7.5' quadrangle, Oregon; Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map GMS-34.